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漢方薬
漢方薬

つらいむくみを直す漢方薬7選

漢方

冷え性などと共にこの時期むくみにお悩みの方も多いかと思います。

一過性のむくみも多くなってくると慢性化してしまい、むくみ体質、実質の体重増など放っておけないものです。

東洋医学の世界では健康を維持するために重要なのは、気・血・水、と考えられています。気は体の中を駆け巡るエネルギーであり、血は血液、水は血液以外の体液を表しています。むくみとはこの内の体液の部分のバランスが何らかの影響により崩れてしまっている状態です。

歴史の長い東洋医学と漢方の世界においても、むくみは健康のバランスが崩れてしまっている状態として、長い間治療方が考えられてきました。

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むくみを解消する漢方

漢方

むくみを解消、治療する漢方として主に次のようなものがあります。

  • 五苓散(ごれいさん)
  • 猪苓湯(ちょれいとう)
  • 八味地黄丸(はちみぢおうがん)
  • 牛車腎気丸(ごしゃじんきがん)
  • 当帰芍薬散(とうきしゃくやくさん)
  • 防已黄耆湯(ぼういおうぎとう)
  • 菌陳五苓散(いんちんごれいさん)

むくみを治す漢方その1五苓散(ごれいさん)

漢方の世界では気・血・水の内、水の異常を直す薬の事を利水剤と呼びます。この五苓散(ごれいさん)はその利水剤のなかでも代表的な薬と言えます。

五の数字が示すとおり5つの生薬を元に作られたこの薬は水の異常を直すのにとても効果のある薬で、古くは漢の時代の古典書に紹介がされています。

利尿作用で体の中の余分な水分を排出する薬ではありますが、体の中の水分バランスを整える薬であるため、脱水症状時は逆に体内の水分をキープするという優れた働きをします。

その他にも、吐き気、めまい、下痢、頭痛などにも効果があります。

むくみを治す漢方その2猪苓湯(ちょれいとう)

この猪苓湯(ちょれいとう)も漢方の中では代表的な利尿薬です。5種類の生薬から作られ、漢の時代の書物ですでに紹介がされています。

水分循環を改善し体内の水分のバランスを正常にし、むくみを改善します。そのほかにも頻尿、残尿感、血尿などの、排尿異常に効果があります。

むくみを治す漢方その3:八味地黄丸(はちみぢおうがん)

名前のとおり8種類の生薬で作られている漢方薬です。高齢の方に用いられる事が多く、むくみの治療以外にも冷え性の改善、腎機能の低下や貧血症状、性機能低下、乾燥肌による湿疹やかゆみなどにも効果があります。

むくみを治す漢方その4:牛車腎気丸(ごしゃじんきがん)

この牛車腎気丸(ごしゃじんきがん)も高齢の方に処方される事が多く、体内の水分の循環を良くし、むくみを改善する漢方薬です。むくみ以外にも体力や足腰の衰えに用られたり、糖尿病や夜間の頻尿、下半身の冷えにも効果があります。

むくみを治す漢方その5:当帰芍薬散(とうきしゃくやくさん)

当帰芍薬散(とうきしゃくやくさん)は血行を促し体を温める効果で貧血症やむくみを改善する漢方薬です。この漢方は女性に用いられる事が多く、むくみだけでなく冷え性や貧血症、頭痛、肩こり、生理不順、生理前後の不快感にも効果のある漢方薬です。

むくみを治す漢方その6:防已黄耆湯(ぼういおうぎとう)

この防已黄耆湯(ぼういおうぎとう)は体内に溜まった余分な水分〈水毒〉を直す漢方薬で、正にむくみを直す薬です。むくみだけでなく汗の多い、いわゆる水太りの人の体質を改善する漢方です。その他にも色々な効能があり、リウマチや神経痛、間接痛、慢性腎炎、倦怠感、変わったところでは、わきが等の治療にも用いられます。

むくみを治す漢方その7:菌陳五苓散(いんちんごれいさん)

菌陳五苓散(いんちんごれいさん)も色々な生薬から作られ、体内の水分停滞を正常に戻す効果のある漢方薬ですので、正にむくみのための薬と言えます。その他の効能として吐き気や蕁麻疹、黄疸をともなう肝疾患などにも処方される漢方です

その他にも色々とある漢方

本記事ではむくみの治療に用いられる代表的な7つの漢方を紹介させていただきましたが、長い歴史を持つ東洋医学と漢方の世界なので、他にも様々な漢方薬があります。西洋でも古くから、むくみや様々な生活習慣病などの治療に用いられてきたハーブや東洋の漢方を上手に生活の中に取り入れて、気になるむくみ体質を改善してみてはいかがでしょうか?

むくみ以外にも漢方のなかには、自律神経失調症や頭痛、夏バテやニキビ、冷え性など様々な場面においてその効果を発揮してくれるものがあります。

なお漢方やハーブの中にはその効能や副作用の強いもの、人によっては摂取できないものなどが多々ありますので、ご使用の際は用法や用量を良くお調べになられる、もしくは医師のアドバイスを受ける事をお勧めいたします。

毎日使える薬膳&漢方の食材事典
阪口珠未
ナツメ社
売り上げランキング: 96,220

まとめ

  • 東洋医学と漢方の世界では、気・血・水、と大きく三つの要素が正常に機能している事が健康的だとされている。
  • むくみはこの内の水のバランスが崩れてしまっている状態を指す。
  • 漢方の中にはこの水のバランスを整える物が数多く存在する。

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Check Also

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