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雪だるま
雪だるま

あなたの頭痛と吐き気は本当に緊張型頭痛が原因?

雪だるま

日本人の多くが緊張型頭痛に悩まされていると言われていますが、中には緊張型頭痛に伴って吐き気にも悩まされている方もおられます。これは最悪の症状です。

とはいえ、頭痛に伴う吐き気の原因がすべて緊張型頭痛だというわけではありません。頭痛と吐き気は密接に関係しており、場合によっては命に関わる病気サインかもしれません。また片頭痛などの症状にも吐き気が伴います。

ですから、頭痛に吐き気が伴うからと言ってイコール緊張型頭痛と考えるべきではありません。その他の病気の可能性も考慮する必要があることでしょう。

この記事では、まず緊張型頭痛と吐き気の関係、そしてその後に緊張型頭痛以外の頭痛に吐き気が伴う場合の危険性についてご紹介してみたいと思います。

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緊張型頭痛と吐き気の関係

頭痛の男

緊張型頭痛には吐き気と共に、めまいや肩こり、目の疲れといった事柄が重なることが少なくありません。

緊張型頭痛の場合は脳に疾患があるのが原因ではなく、首や肩の筋肉が固まってしまうことが原因であると言われています。

では筋肉を固まらせてしまう原因にはどのような事柄が関係しているのでしょうか?
それはストレスです。緊張型頭痛には主に二種類のストレスが関係していると言われています。まずは身体的ストレスです。身体的ストレスは姿勢が悪かったり、パソコンワークを行ないすぎてしまったり、長時間同じ姿勢でいることによって蓄積されます。適度に運動したりストレッチしたりして体をほぐすことによって、このストレスから来る緊張型頭痛を解消することができます。

もうひとつは精神的ストレスです。仕事上の不安、悩みを解消できないでいると自律神経に影響を及ぼし、緊張型頭痛になると言われています。このようなストレスはリラックスできる時間を持つことによって解消できますので、自分に合った休息方法を見つけることが緊張型頭痛の解消につながります。このようにして緊張型頭痛から解放されると、自然と吐き気も収まると思いますので、ぜひ実践してみてください。

とはいえ、これらの方法は、緊張型頭痛に吐き気が伴う場合だけに限り効果があるものです。頭痛と吐き気には先ほど述べたように密接な関係があり、重大な病気の前触れを示すものかもしれません。では、緊張型頭痛以外で、頭痛に吐き気が伴う場合にはどのような原因が考えられるのでしょうか?ご紹介してみたいと思います。

頭痛に吐き気が伴う場合(緊張型頭痛以外の場合)

突然の頭痛と吐き気に襲われた場合、それは緊張型頭痛ではなく脳の疾患である場合が少なくありません。慢性的に頭痛のある方は突然の頭痛でも「いつものことだ」と受け入れてしまう場合があるようなので注意が必要です。では頭痛と吐き気の伴う病気にはどのようなものがあるのでしょうか?ご紹介してみたいと思います。

頭痛と吐き気を伴う病気の原因その1:くも膜下出血

脳内の病気で一番怖いのはこの病気でしょう。くも膜下出血は死亡率の非常に高い病気のひとつです。この病気の特徴は、突然の激しい頭痛と吐き気に襲われること、首筋が硬直してしまうことだと言われています。過労などが原因であると言われていますので、症状の出方は緊張型頭痛によく似ていますが、重大さに関してはこちらの病気の方がはるかに上です。ですから、間違っても緊張型頭痛と早とちりすることのないように注意しましょう。

頭痛と吐き気を伴う病気の原因その2:脳出血

この病気は脳の動脈が破裂することによって起こります。高血圧の人に多い病気です。あふれた血が固まって脳の神経を圧迫するので、頭痛や吐き気、めまい、痙攣、失禁などの症状が表われます。この病気は死亡する危険もありますが、助かっても後遺症が残ることがあります。頭痛と吐き気が同時の襲ってきたならこのような症状の疑いもあります。速やかに病院へ行きましょう。

頭痛と吐き気を伴う病気の原因その3:脳梗塞

脳梗塞は脳の血管が詰まってしまうことによって起きる病気です。頭痛や吐き気に伴って、ろれつが回らない、などの症状が見られた場合は速やかに病院へ行く必要があります。早期の治療が大切なので、この病気も緊張型頭痛と勘違いすることのないようにしましょう。

アテックス(ATEX) グリグリ ATX-2030
アテックス(ATEX) (2005-02-07)
売り上げランキング: 40

まとめ:自分の頭痛と吐き気の症状を正しく認識して治療しましょう

緊張型頭痛と吐き気の関係について、また緊張型頭痛以外の頭痛と吐き気の関係についてご紹介させていただきました。いかがでしたでしょうか?この記事に上げた病気だけが、頭痛と吐き気を伴うというわけではありません。ご自分の頭痛と吐き気の症状を正しく認識して、早めに病院へ行って治療するようにしましょう。

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