Home / 育児・教育 / 赤ちゃん / 赤ちゃんの病気 / 新生児によく見られる風邪の症状と病院へ行く目安
赤ちゃん
赤ちゃん

新生児によく見られる風邪の症状と病院へ行く目安

赤子

新生児はある程度の免疫力を持っていますが、全く風邪をひかないというわけではありません。時には重症化することもありますので、風邪予防は必要です。しかし、風邪の症状が見られてもどの程度になったら病院へ行くべきなのか、判断に迷うこともあるのではないでしょうか。

ここでは、新生児によく見られる風邪の症状と病院へ行く目安を紹介します。病院で診てもらうべきか迷ったら、参考にしてみてください。

スポンサーリンク

新生児の免疫力

親子

生後6カ月くらいまではあまり風邪をひかないと言われています。なぜなら新生児は、生まれてくる時にお母さんから免疫をもらうからです。しかし、流行っている風邪の種類によってはお母さんが免疫をもっておらず、赤ちゃんが免疫をもらえず、風邪をひいてしまうということがあります。また、百日咳や結核は風邪と症状がそっくりですが、免疫をもらうことができませんので、周囲からうつされるきっかけがあれば生後早い時期からかかる可能性があります。

水痘は免疫をもらっていても早い段階でなくなりますので、生後1ヶ月ごろからうつる心配があります。

新生児の風邪の症状

風邪ウイルスの感染が原因で起こる風邪は、熱や鼻水、咳など上気道の症状が多いです。ただし、ウイルスの型によっては下痢を伴うこともあります。熱は出ても38度台であり、出ないこともあります。ウイルスへの免疫が体内にできれば治ります。通常は3~4日で症状が治まってきます。食欲があれば母乳やミルクをいつも通りに与えましょう。熱や咳、下痢の時には、特に水分補給を心がけましょう。

風邪の症状への対処法と病院へ行く目安

風邪の症状にはさまざまなものがありますので、その症状別に対処法を紹介します。また、どの程度の症状の重さで病院へ行くといいか、目安も合わせて述べておきますので参考にしてみてください。

①赤ちゃんの様子が明らかによくない

機嫌が悪い、ぐずって泣いてばかりいる、おっぱいの飲みが悪い、眠りが浅くて泣いて起きる、元気がなくてぐったりしているなど、赤ちゃんの様子が明らかによくない時には、熱を測ったり、発疹が出ていないか観察をしたりして診察を受けるようにしましょう。特に生後6カ月未満の赤ちゃんは、熱や発疹などの症状がなくても念のため受診するのが賢明です。

②熱っぽい

必ず体温計で熱を測るようにしましょう。赤ちゃんの平熱は大人よりも高く、37.5度以上の熱の時には、熱があると判断します。39~40度近い高熱のときにはすぐに病院に連れていきましょう。38度以下でも食欲や元気がなくてぐったりしているときや、発疹や下痢などの症状があるときは急いで病院に行きましょう。赤ちゃんが最初に熱を出すのは、多くの場合突発性発疹が考えられます。

③発疹が出ている

熱があって発疹も出ている場合は、感染症にかかっているのがほとんどです。発熱と発疹が主な症状となる感染症の例としては、突発性発疹や麻疹、風疹、水痘、溶連菌感染症、手足口病、りんご病などがあります。このような場合には早めに受診するようにしましょう。熱がないのに発疹がある場合は、あせもや乳児湿疹、じんましんなどの可能性がありますが、症状がひどいときには受診して薬を処方してもらいましょう。

④鼻水・鼻づまり

風邪の症状の多くは、熱が出て鼻水・鼻づまりもあるという状態です。熱がなくて鼻水だけが出ているならば、スポイトなどで鼻水をとると対処できます。鼻づまりは、赤ちゃんにとって口呼吸ができなくなるという辛い症状です。呼吸がしにくい、おっぱいが飲めない、眠りが浅いなど、赤ちゃんの様子も悪くなりますから、よくならない時には受診するようにします。アレルギー性鼻炎の場合もあります。

⑤下痢

食欲や元気があって下痢だけを起こしている場合は、軽症の下痢ということが考えられます。そのような時にはできるだけいつも通り母乳やミルクを与えるようにしましょう。熱や嘔吐、腹痛など他の症状もある場合には、ウイルス性胃腸炎や細菌性胃腸炎の場合がありますので、早く診察を受けましょう。下痢で水分不足になりますので、糖分の少ない水分を十分に与えましょう。

⑥嘔吐

授乳後におっぱいやミルクを少し吐くのは、ほとんど問題はありません。しかし、授乳直後に勢いよく吐いて体重が増えないようなときには、幽門狭窄症の可能性があります。小児科で診てもらうようにしましょう。また、熱や下痢、発疹などの症状を伴うときにも早めに受診するようにしましょう。嘔吐の場合も水分不足が心配されますので、少しずつでもこまめに水分を与えるようにしましょう。

⑦咳

咳が出ていて、熱があったりなかったりするときには、ほとんどが風邪の症状です。熱も出ている時には、細気管支炎や肺炎などの可能性がありますので、すぐに病院で診てもらいましょう。咳だけでも、痰が絡んで咳が長引いたり、呼吸が苦しそうにしていたりする場合には急いで病院へ行きましょう。急性気管支炎や百日咳、気管支喘息の可能性があります。痰が切れるように水分補給をするようにしましょう。

まとめ:風邪をひかないような予防も大切

新生児は免疫を持っていると言っても、風邪に対する予防も大切です。適切な室温と湿度を保ち、人ごみを避けるなどの風邪予防をして、健康に過ごせるようにまずは心がけたいですね。

スポンサーリンク

Check Also

赤ちゃん

風邪をひいた赤ちゃんの咳が激しいときの3つの対処方法

風邪をひいた赤ちゃんが、夜にな …

65 comments

  1. Yes! Finally someone writes about ig.

  2. I’m no longer sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic.
    I needs to spend a while studying more or working out more.
    Thank you for fantastic information I used to be on the lookout for
    this information for my mission.

  3. Hi, yeah this paragraph is truly fastidious and I have learned
    lot of things from it regarding blogging. thanks.

  4. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
    It will always be useful to read through content from
    other writers and use something from their sites.

  5. Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this web page, because i want
    enjoyment, for the reason that this this site conations actually nice funny stuff too.

  6. Excellent post! We are linking to this particularly great post on our site.
    Keep up the good writing.

  7. Hey are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying
    to get started and set up my own. Do you require any coding expertise to make
    your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  8. Hey there! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of volunteers and starting
    a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided
    us beneficial information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!

  9. Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website
    with us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my
    followers! Great blog and superb design and style.

  10. Great delivery. Sound arguments. Keep up the good spirit.

  11. hello there and thank you for your information – I have definitely picked up
    anything new from right here. I did however expertise a
    few technical issues using this site, since I experienced to reload the web site lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly.
    I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will often affect your placement in google and
    could damage your high-quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.

    Well I am adding this RSS to my email and can look out for much more of your respective interesting content.

    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  12. Hi, after reading this remarkable post i am also happy to share
    my familiarity here with colleagues.

  13. Highly energetic post, I loved that bit.
    Will there be a part 2?

  14. This design is spectacular! You certainly know how to keep
    a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos,
    I was almost moved to start my own blog (well,
    almost…HaHa!) Great job. I really loved what you had to say, and
    more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  15. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to send you
    an email. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might
    be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to
    seeing it improve over time.

  16. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you
    amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website?
    The account helped me a acceptable deal. I
    had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  17. Thanks , I have recently been looking for information approximately this topic for a while and yours is the greatest
    I’ve found out till now. But, what about the conclusion? Are you positive in regards to the supply?

  18. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site,
    how could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.

    I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear
    concept

  19. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site offered us with valuable info to work on.
    You have done a formidable job and our whole community will
    be grateful to you.

  20. Good day! I simply want to give you a big thumbs up for your great information you’ve got here on this post.
    I am coming back to your web site for more soon.

  21. You are so interesting! I do not think I’ve read through a single thing like that before.
    So nice to discover someone with some original thoughts on this
    topic. Really.. thank you for starting this up.
    This site is one thing that’s needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

  22. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and
    tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so
    she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now
    broken and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off
    topic but I had to share it with someone!

  23. It’s truly a nice and helpful piece of info. I’m
    happy that you just shared this helpful information with us.

    Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  24. Hello there I am so delighted I found your web
    site, I really found you by mistake, while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else, Anyhow
    I am here now and would just like to say thank you for a marvelous post and a all round exciting blog
    (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also
    added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read
    a lot more, Please do keep up the superb b.

  25. It is in point of fact a great and useful piece of info.

    I am glad that you shared this useful information with
    us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  26. There is definately a great deal to know about this issue.
    I really like all the points you’ve made.

  27. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday.
    It will always be helpful to read through articles from other authors and use a little something from their websites.

  28. I’m now not positive the place you’re getting your information, however good topic.
    I must spend some time learning more or working out more.
    Thanks for magnificent information I used to be searching for this information for my mission.

  29. Hi there, I check your blogs daily. Your writing style is awesome,
    keep up the good work!

  30. It’s very simple to find out any topic on net as compared to books,
    as I found this paragraph at this web site.

  31. Hey! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone 4! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your
    posts! Keep up the excellent work!

  32. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know
    so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.

    I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a
    little bit, but other than that, this is excellent
    blog. An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

  33. Everything is very open with a clear clarification of the issues.
    It was definitely informative. Your site is very helpful.
    Thank you for sharing!

  34. Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins to
    help with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains.
    If you know of any please share. Many thanks!

  35. Greetings, I do think your site might be having web browser compatibility
    problems. When I take a look at your blog in Safari,
    it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!

    Apart from that, fantastic website!

  36. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I
    find this matter to be really something which I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and very broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  37. I am actually thankful to the owner of this website who has shared this impressive article at
    at this time.

  38. There’s certainly a great deal to find out about this topic.

    I really like all the points you have made.

  39. Wow, that’s what I was looking for, what a information!
    present here at this webpage, thanks admin of this web page.

  40. If some one needs expert view about running
    a blog then i propose him/her to pay a visit this web site, Keep up the fastidious job.

  41. Whats up very cool web site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb ..

    I will bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally?

    I’m satisfied to seek out a lot of helpful info here in the
    post, we need develop extra techniques on this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

  42. I’m not that much of a internet reader
    to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up!
    I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later on. All the best

  43. Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this website daily,
    this site is in fact fastidious and the people are actually sharing nice
    thoughts.

  44. My family every time say that I am wasting my time here
    at web, except I know I am getting knowledge everyday
    by reading thes good articles.

  45. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a
    co-worker who was doing a little homework on this. And he
    actually ordered me dinner due to the fact that I discovered it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this issue here on your web page.

  46. Hey I am so happy I found your web site, I really found
    you by accident, while I was searching on Bing for something
    else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a remarkable post and a all round exciting blog (I
    also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also included your RSS feeds,
    so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more,
    Please do keep up the excellent work.

  47. What’s up i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere, when i read this post i thought i
    could also make comment due to this brilliant post.

  48. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post.
    I will certainly comeback.

  49. It’s nearly impossible to find knowledgeable people in this particular topic,
    however, you seem like you know what you’re talking about!
    Thanks

  50. Amazing! Its genuinely remarkable post, I
    have got much clear idea about from this post.

  51. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get setup?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost
    a pretty penny? I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% sure.
    Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated.

    Appreciate it

  52. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site offered us with valuable information to work on.
    You have done an impressive job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  53. Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to take a look.
    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this
    to my followers! Outstanding blog and terrific style and design.

  54. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to
    enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use
    some of your ideas!!

  55. It’s truly very complicated in this busy life to listen news on Television, therefore I just use
    the web for that reason, and take the most recent news.

  56. Hi my family member! I wish to say that this article is
    amazing, great written and come with approximately all significant
    infos. I’d like to look extra posts like this .

  57. Helpful info. Fortunate me I discovered your website by accident, and I’m stunned why this accident did not happened in advance!
    I bookmarked it.

  58. Hey there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after
    reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.

    Nonetheless, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back
    often!

  59. wonderful publish, very informative. I ponder why the opposite experts of this sector don’t notice this.
    You must proceed your writing. I am confident,
    you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  60. This post gives clear idea for the new users of blogging,
    that really how to do running a blog.

  61. I enjoy what you guys are usually up too. This type of clever work and exposure!
    Keep up the very good works guys I’ve added you guys to my own blogroll.

  62. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it,
    you can be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and definitely will come back in the future.
    I want to encourage you continue your great work, have a nice
    holiday weekend!

  63. I just couldn’t depart your web site prior to suggesting that I actually loved
    the standard info a person provide to your guests?

    Is going to be again frequently in order to check out new posts

  64. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your weblog.

    You have some really great articles and I think I would be a good asset.

    If you ever want to take some of the load off,
    I’d really like to write some material for your blog in exchange for
    a link back to mine. Please shoot me an email if
    interested. Many thanks!

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です