Home / 健康 / 健康全般 / 花粉症 / 花粉症に効く薬の選び方
薬を飲む女性
薬を飲む女性

花粉症に効く薬の選び方

薬を飲む女性

花粉症に悩まされている方の一番の関心ごとは「どうしたらこの症状が減るんだろう」ということだと思います。花粉症を解消するためには、食生活の改善や空気清浄機の導入なお、様々な工夫が必要になるため一度罹患してしまうと大変です。

そうはいうものの、花粉症を軽減させるための薬も各メーカーから様々な種類のものが発売されています。花粉症は鼻水やくしゃみ、目のかゆみなど様々な症状があるため、それぞれに合わせた医薬品が販売されています。

点眼薬、点鼻薬、内服薬などの他に、空気清浄薬などもあります。

スポンサーリンク

花粉症の薬とは

目薬を指す男

花粉症は花粉やハウスダストなどのアレルゲンによる免疫反応によって引き起こされるアレルギーの一種です。ここではヒスタミンと呼ばれる物質が受容体結合することで様々な免疫反応が引き起こされているのですが、こうした免疫反応を完全に抑えこむことは危険でもありますし、花粉やハウスダストだけの免疫反応を抑える薬などもまだ発明されていません。

つまり、花粉症を完全に治すための薬はまだ開発されていないのです。花粉症を減らすためには、早期治療や初期治療、それから抗ヒスタミン剤などの服用が効果的です。

しかしながら、現在の花粉症薬は症状ごとに対処療法的に利用されるものが非常に多く、症状にあわせた使用が望ましいと言われています。花粉症の場合には市販薬と医療用の薬とで成分が全く異なるといったこともないようです。市販薬でも十分な効果がきたいできるのですが、抗アレルギー剤も様々なものがあり、体にあうものやあわないものがあるようです。

様々な種類がある花粉症の薬

花粉症の薬には様々な種類があります。

  • 内服薬……錠剤や液体などの内服薬。顆粒のものが多く、漢方薬などに多い。現在では最もメジャーなタイプの薬です
  • 点鼻薬……鼻に差し込んで塗布、あるいは噴射するタイプの薬です。鼻の粘膜に直接作用するため、咳や鼻水、アレルギー性鼻炎などに効果を発揮します。医療用のものもあり、病院で処方してくれるものもあります
  • 点眼薬……目薬のタイプです。アレルギーを抑え、角膜保護をする成分が入っています。他のタイプの目薬に比べてやや値段が高めのものが多いようです。こちらも医療用
    の製品があります。
  • 空気清浄材……塩素やアルコールが気化することで除菌を行う空気清浄剤も注意して利用すれば効果があります。花粉のアレルゲンを破壊する効果があるので、特に花粉がひどい時期には効果があります

他にも口にふくむタイプの花粉症薬なども認可されています。多くの花粉症薬では医療用に使用されている成分を含んでいるので、効果も折り紙つきの場合が少なくありません。

アレルギー反応を抑える成分

こうした薬には、アレルギーを抑える成分「抗アレルギー剤」と、免疫反応で大きな役割を果たすヒスタミンと呼ばれる物質が受容体結合してくしゃみや鼻水、目のかゆみなどを引き起こすのを止める「抗ヒスタミン剤」が配合されていることが多いのです。

以前の抗ヒスタミン剤は、眠くなるものが多く寝る前にしか使えなかったり、車の運転前には使えなかったりと様々な問題がありましたが、近年の花粉症薬、アレルギー薬には眠くならない成分が入っていることが多いので、安心して一日中使えるようになりました。

なお、漢方薬については、「花粉症に効く漢方薬」で記した部分も少なくありません。あわせてご参照くださいますよう。

それでは、以下に人気の花粉症薬をご紹介いたします。

アレグラFX

久光製薬の「アレグラFX」はしっかりと効く医療用成分を医療用と同じ量配合したアレルギー専用の鼻炎薬です。「フェキソフェナジン酸塩」が有効成分となり、花粉によるムズムズする感覚を抑えてくれます。眠くなりにくく、口も乾きにくい上、空腹時にも服用できる点がとてもよいですね。

最近では非常に高い評価を受けている薬です。

ウイルスブロッカー

空間除菌ブロッカー、ウイルスブロッカーと呼ばれる固形二酸化塩素剤を使った商品が最近販売されています。「見えないマスク」と呼ばれる通り、塩素の気化をつかった除菌効果を狙ったものですが、効果は人それぞれ。しかしながら、花粉等にもアレルギー反応を減らす効果があるため期待ができます。

ただし、成人で健康な時につかうようにしましょう。その場に置きっぱなしにしたり、ぶら下げっぱなしにしていると危険です。あくまでもあまりにも花粉がひどい時の最後の手段という形で使ってください。また、服を痛めてしまうことがありますので、それも注意したいところです。

まとめ:花粉症の薬は様々。症状にあったものを使いましょう

花粉症の薬は症状や部位にあわせて様々なものが発売されています。それぞれのタイプに合わせて利用してください。「見えないマスク」こと、ウイルスブロッカー等も効果がありますが、使用上の注意をよくまもって使うようにしてください。

花粉症の薬は医療用のものとほぼ同じ成分の物が市販薬でも購入できますので、いくつか試してみるというのもいいでしょうね。

スポンサーリンク

Check Also

鼻水

寝起きの花粉症を和らげるために寝る前にやっておきたい4つのこと

寝起きから花粉症の症状がでてし …

46 comments

  1. Hi there everyone, it’s my first pay a visit at this website, and paragraph is in fact fruitful for me,
    keep up posting these articles or reviews.

  2. You need to be a part of a contest for one of the finest blogs on the web.
    I am going to highly recommend this blog!

  3. Quality posts is the crucial to invite the
    people to pay a quick visit the site, that’s what this web page is providing.

  4. I’ve been browsing on-line greater than three hours today,
    but I by no means discovered any interesting article like yours.
    It is lovely value enough for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers
    made just right content material as you probably did, the web will probably be a lot more useful than ever before.

  5. naturally like your website however you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts.
    Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I to find it very bothersome to tell the reality on the other
    hand I will certainly come again again.

  6. Thank you, I’ve recently been searching for info about this topic for ages and yours is the best I have discovered till now.
    But, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you certain about the
    source?

  7. Pretty! This was an extremely wonderful article.
    Thank you for supplying these details.

  8. Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too. This kind
    of clever work and exposure! Keep up the very good works
    guys I’ve incorporated you guys to our blogroll.

  9. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though
    you relied on the video to make your point. You obviously
    know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting
    videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to
    read?

  10. Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog web site?
    The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  11. I just could not leave your web site prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the standard info an individual supply on your
    guests? Is gonna be back regularly to check out new
    posts

  12. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any
    suggestions?

  13. Now I am going to do my breakfast, when having my breakfast coming again to read other news.

  14. Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really
    useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped
    me.

  15. Hello, all is going sound here and ofcourse every one is sharing data,
    that’s genuinely excellent, keep up writing.

  16. It’s genuinely very complicated in this active
    life to listen news on TV, so I only use the web for that reason, and get the newest information.

  17. Hello mates, nice piece of writing and pleasant arguments commented at this place, I am actually enjoying by these.

  18. bookmarked!!, I love your blog!

  19. Fine way of describing, and fastidious post to get data concerning my presentation subject matter, which i am going to deliver in school.

  20. My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I might
    as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to looking over your web page for a
    second time.

  21. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your sites
    really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back down the road.
    All the best

  22. I every time emailed this webpage post page to all my
    friends, since if like to read it after that my friends will
    too.

  23. Definitely imagine that which you stated. Your favourite
    reason appeared to be at the web the easiest factor to take note
    of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while other people think about concerns that they just don’t
    know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also outlined out the whole thing without having side effect
    , folks can take a signal. Will likely be again to get more.
    Thanks

  24. I’m really inspired together with your writing skills and also with the
    structure in your blog. Is that this a paid topic or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the excellent high quality writing,
    it is rare to look a great weblog like this one today..

  25. Hello, after reading this remarkable article i am too happy to share my
    familiarity here with colleagues.

  26. What’s up, of course this article is genuinely nice and
    I have learned lot of things from it concerning blogging.
    thanks.

  27. What’s up every one, here every one is sharing these kinds of familiarity, thus it’s pleasant to
    read this blog, and I used to go to see this website all the time.

  28. Hello there! This post couldn’t be written any better!
    Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He constantly kept talking about this. I most certainly will send this article to him.
    Fairly certain he’ll have a good read. Many thanks
    for sharing!

  29. You should be a part of a contest for one of the finest
    websites online. I most certainly will highly recommend this web site!

  30. If you would like to take a good deal from this piece of writing then you have to apply such
    strategies to your won website.

  31. Great web site you have here.. It’s hard to find high quality writing like yours nowadays.
    I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  32. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you
    hire out a designer to create your theme? Excellent work!

  33. I visited several web pages but the audio quality for audio songs
    existing at this website is in fact excellent.

  34. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter
    stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an impatience
    over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come
    further formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

  35. Greetings, There’s no doubt that your web site could possibly be having internet browser compatibility issues.

    When I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however,
    if opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping issues.
    I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart
    from that, fantastic site!

  36. Hello, I enjoy reading through your post. I like to write a little comment to support you.

  37. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and look ahead to in search of extra of
    your great post. Additionally, I have shared your site in my social networks

  38. I like the helpful information you provide on your articles.
    I will bookmark your blog and check again right here
    regularly. I am somewhat certain I’ll learn a lot of new stuff
    right here! Good luck for the next!

  39. I was suggested this website via my cousin. I’m now not sure whether or
    not this publish is written via him as nobody else recognize such certain about my difficulty.
    You are amazing! Thank you!

  40. I visited multiple web sites but the audio quality for audio
    songs current at this web site is in fact marvelous.

  41. Hello, I enjoy reading through your article. I wanted to write a little comment to support you.

  42. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make
    my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your theme.
    Cheers

  43. Stunning quest there. What happened after? Thanks!

  44. Definitely believe that that you said. Your favorite reason seemed to
    be at the internet the easiest factor to take into accout of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider
    concerns that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the entire thing without having side effect , other people
    could take a signal. Will likely be again to get more. Thank
    you

  45. Amazing issues here. I am very glad to peer your article.
    Thank you a lot and I am having a look ahead to touch you.
    Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?

  46. It’s difficult to find educated people on this topic, however,
    you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です