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鼻をかむ女性、ティッシュ、風邪
鼻をかむ女性、ティッシュ、風邪

花粉症に効果的な点鼻薬おすすめランキングトップ4

鼻をおさえる

花粉症が流行する季節、たまに見かけるのが鼻にシュシュっとスプレーしている人たちです。そうです、鼻に直接薬を噴射する、点鼻薬です。私自身、花粉症ではありませんが、アレルギー性鼻炎を患っているので点鼻薬は使用しています。なかなか効果があり、辛い症状を緩和してくれますよ。

現在、花粉症を患っている方は、内服薬を服用している方が多いかと存じます。そこで今回は、花粉症に効果的な点鼻薬について、そして点鼻薬ランキングにランクインされるトップ4をご紹介します。現在、点鼻薬を検討されている方はぜひ参考にしてくださいね。

スポンサーリンク

点鼻薬とはどのようなものなのでしょう?

馬の鼻

鼻に直接、薬を噴射する点鼻薬は、病院などでも処方されますが、市販のものもたくさん販売されています。長細いボトルに入っており、液体状の薬剤が霧状となって噴射され炎症を起こしている鼻の内部に作用します。では実際、点鼻薬に使用されている薬剤とはどのようなものがあるのでしょうか。具体的にあげると次の通りです。

  • ●血管収縮剤(交感神経興奮薬)…硝酸テトラヒドゾリン、塩酸ナファゾリン、塩酸テトリゾリンなど。作用としては、鼻の腫脹してしまった血管を縮小させ、腫れを軽減させる働きがあります。
  • ●局所麻酔剤…塩酸リドカインなど。花粉症特有の症状である、鼻のムズムズなどのかゆみを鎮める働きがあります。
  • ●抗ヒスタミン薬…マレイン酸クロルフェニラミンなど。主に、アレルギー自体を発生させているヒスタミンの分泌を押さえ、症状を緩和させる働きをします。
  • ●殺菌消毒剤…塩酸ベンゼトニウム、塩酸ベンザルコニウムなど。炎症によって鼻の内部のただれを防ぐと同時に、二次的な感染を防ぐため殺菌する働きがあります。

点鼻薬には、主に上記のような成分が含まれています。市販の点鼻薬の有効成分欄を確認すると、1つか2つは必ず配合されているでしょう。それぞれの働きは異なりますが、全て花粉症に有効とされる成分ばかりです。これらの成分が鼻の粘膜に作用し効果があらわれ、花粉症の辛い症状を緩和させるのです。それでは次に、点鼻薬を使用するときの注意点などをみていきましょう。

使用するときはしっかりと用法を守りましょう

点鼻薬を使用するときの注意点とは、その使用方法と使用量です。
点鼻薬は内服薬を比べると、眠気などの副作用は起こりにくく、なんとなく一日何度でも使用してしまいがちです。しかし、それぞれの点鼻薬の使用方法にもあるように、一日何度も使用してはいけません。あまりに何度も連続して使用すると、鼻の粘膜が充血したり、ひどいときには副鼻腔炎を起こしてしまうこともあるのです。

特に注意したいのが、前述でもご紹介した「血管収縮剤」です。血管収縮剤については、依存性が高いということが唱えられているのです。血管収縮剤は、効果がすぐにあらわれますが、その分効果が切れるのも早いです。そのため、連続使用し続ける方が多く、結果依存症に陥ってしまい肥厚性鼻炎を引き起こすこともあります。点鼻薬の用法と容量はしっかりと守ってくださいね。それでは次に、点鼻薬ランキングにランクインされるトップ4をご紹介します。

花粉症に効果的な点鼻薬ランキングトップ4

花粉症に効果的な点鼻薬ランキングトップ4とは、次の通りです。

  • 第1位:パブロン点鼻Z
  • 第2位:ナザールAR
  • 第3位:エージーノーズ
  • 第4位:コールタイジン点鼻液a

では次に、上記の4つの原因について詳しくご案内します。

第1位:パブロン点鼻Z

大正製薬より販売されているのが、「パブロン点鼻Z」です。血管収縮剤が含まれていないことがポイントです。安全性が高いので、安心して使用することができますね。「第二世代抗ヒスタミン薬ケトチフェンフマル酸塩」が配合されており、アレルギーによる花粉症の症状を軽減してくれます。

第2位:ナザールAR

佐藤製薬より販売されている「ナザールAR」は、医療用「ステロイド」が配合されていることがポイントです。ステロイドは、アレルギー症状自体を引き起こすとされている物質の分泌をおさえる働きがあるため、強い効果が期待できます。

第3位:エージーノーズ

第一三共ヘルスケア製品の「エージーノーズ」は、「ナファゾリン塩酸塩(血管収縮剤)」が含まれています。そのため、鼻づまりに大きな効果をもたらしてくれるでしょう。使い心地がさっぱりとしており、不快な症状を緩和します。

第4位:コールタイジン点鼻液a

ジョンソン・エンド・ジョンソンより販売されているのが、「コールタイジン点鼻液a」です。血管収縮剤「塩酸テトラヒドロゾリン」とステロイド剤「プレドニゾロン」の2つの働きにより、鼻づまりを緩和させる効果を長く持続させることが可能です。即効性もあるのが嬉しいですね。

【第2類医薬品】ナザール「スプレー」(ポンプ) 30mL
佐藤製薬 (2008-10-01)
売り上げランキング: 2,241

まとめ:購入するときは薬剤師さんに相談を

本記事では、花粉症に効果的な点鼻薬について、そして点鼻薬ランキングにランクインされるトップ4をご紹介してきました。もう1度その4つの点鼻薬をおさらいしましょう。

  • 第1位:パブロン点鼻Z
  • 第2位:ナザールAR
  • 第3位:エージーノーズ
  • 第4位:コールタイジン点鼻液a

今回ご紹介した4つの点鼻薬については、ドラッグストアで購入できるものばかりです。しかし、どの点鼻薬もそれぞれ含まれている成分や効果は異なります。購入する際は、できるだけ薬剤師さんに相談してから購入してくださいね。そして、容量と用法をしっかり守って、花粉症による辛い症状を抑えてください。

スポンサーリンク

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