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美女の笑顔

花粉症の目のかゆみの4つの対策

美女

 
花粉症の症状は、鼻水、くしゃみ、鼻づまりの他に、目の痒みや違和感などの、目の症状があります。目がかゆくなると、女性にとっては困ることがたくさん。気をつけていても、ついつい目をこすったり、かいてしまうので、目が赤くなったり、アイメイクがくずれたり、目のまわりのお肌が荒れたりと、様々なトラブルの原因になってしまいます。

目元は女性を輝かせる大切なポイント。かゆみだけでなく、目のまわりのトラブルは QOLの低下と大きく関係しています。

症状と花粉症の目の症状の対策方法について、詳しく見ていきましょう。

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花粉症の症状

目に手を当てる女子

世間で花粉症の4大苦といわれるものは、「くしゃみ」「鼻水」「鼻づまり」「眼のかゆみ」です。これらの症状は、花粉のなかに含まれる「ヒスタミン」という物質が原因です。そして自律神経の乱れからくる体の免疫力低下も大いに影響しています。

花粉症の目の症状

花粉症の症状には、眼の症状があり、特に目のかゆみ、涙がでてきます。花粉症の90%以上の人が、目のかゆみを訴えるようです。花粉が目につくことで、花粉を除こうという免疫反応が起こって、炎症細胞(好酸球、肥満細胞)からヒスタミンなどが出て、症状が出てくるわけです。起こりやすい順に目の症状をご紹介します。

  • 目のかゆみ
  • 結膜・目の充血
  • 目ヤニ
  • 涙・涙目
  • 目の異物感
  • 目の痛み
  • まぶたの腫れ
  • 目がみにくい

花粉症の目のかゆみの原因

目のかゆみはまつげに付着した花粉が大きな原因の1つです。外出するとまつげに多量の花粉が付着しますので、帰宅したときは顔を洗い、まつげの花粉も意識して落とすことを心がけましょう。

またタオルも要注意です。外干しして花粉が大量についたタオルで顔を拭くと、せっかく顔を洗っても花粉がまた顔に付き、目に入り、かゆみの原因になってしまいます。

花粉症の目のかゆみの対策

予防が大事

花粉症は予防が大事です。1月下旬から予防を始めることと、セルフケアを怠らないことがポイントです。

外出時はできるだけ花粉を避ける
晴れて風が強い日中は花粉がたくさん飛びます。とくに飛散のピークとなる昼前から午後3時ごろの時間帯はなるべく外出を控えましょう。外出時はマスクをし、帽子を着用します。ニットの服は花粉がつきやすいので、花粉の季節は、花粉の付きにくいスベスベした素材の服を選んで着るようにしましょう。

眼鏡
花粉症用の眼鏡が有効です。普通の眼鏡と違って、隙間から花粉の侵入を防いでくれます。ゴーグル型も有効ですが、最近は、デザインがいい眼鏡が出ています。普段かけている眼鏡でも目の表面に飛び込む花粉を減らすことができます。

コンタクトレンズ
コンタクトレンズは、結膜炎を悪化させたり、花粉が付着しますので、できれば花粉症のシーズンは避けたほうがいいでしょう。そのため、どうしても必要なら、使い捨てソフトコンタクトレンズの方がいいでしょう。詳しくは眼科で相談してください。

花粉を家に入れない
家に入るときは、衣類の花粉を払ってから。花粉を家に持ち込まないようにしましょう。窓や戸をしっかり閉める。外で干した布団や洗濯物には花粉がつくので、取り込む前によく払う。室内をこまめに清掃する。などを家に入れないのが一番シンプルで重要なことです。

花粉症対策

目を冷やす
目のかゆみが強いときや炎症を起こしているときは、清潔なタオルで冷たいおしぼりを作り、まぶたの上に置くと楽になります。冷えピタを冷蔵庫で冷やしておいて、フィルムをはがさずそのまま目の上に乗せるのもおススメ。

目を洗う
目を洗うことで、目についた花粉を減らします。人工涙液を使って洗うのが効果的です。ただ、防腐剤入りの人工涙液は、安全性から頻回に使うのは避けたほうがいいでしょう。水道水でもいいのですが、安全性から頻回に使うのは避けたほうがいいでしょう。カップ式の洗浄液は、顔を洗ってから使ったほうがいいでしょう。というのも、皮膚についた花粉を目に入れることになります。

点眼薬
身近な方法に、医療機関で処方される点眼薬も対策の1つです。目に直接、薬を使うのが点眼薬。全身への副作用は少ないのが特徴です。点眼薬で効果が不十分な場合や鼻の症状もあるときには内服薬や眠くならない抗ヒスタミン薬を使います。抗アレルギーの点眼薬を本格飛散の2週間前に使い始めれば、炎症予防になります。

ツボ押し
太陽:こめかみの少し目尻に寄ったところに小さなくぼみがあります。このツボは、花粉による眼のかゆみに効果的です。両方の人差し指で、力を入れて左右のツボを押します。3~5秒ほどじっくり押しましょう。

睛明:疲れ眼のときに押さえる目頭と鼻の間の部分。指の腹で押し揉みます。眼まわりの不快感を取り除きます。

風池:後ろ髪の生え際あたりの両くぼみ。後ろ首のくぼみ。眼の疲れだけではなく、鼻水・鼻づまりといった鼻の花粉症にも効果があります。両方の親指で、じんわり3秒間押してそして1秒休み、また3秒間押しましょう。5回ほど行えば充分です。

まとめ:花粉症の目のかゆみをなんとかしよう

花粉症の4大苦である目のかゆみ、かいてしまうと肌が荒れたり、良くないことばかり。この対処方法をおさらいしておきましょう。

  • 花粉用眼鏡をするなど予防が大事
  • 目を冷やす
  • 目を洗う
  • 点眼薬
  • ツボ押し

かゆみって我慢できないしツラいものですよね。目玉を取り出して洗いたい、とよく言いますが、なんとか花粉の時期を乗り切ってくださいね。

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Check Also

鼻水

寝起きの花粉症を和らげるために寝る前にやっておきたい4つのこと

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