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寝ている男性
寝ている男性

あなたのいびきは何が原因?いびきの主要な6つの原因と対策方法

寝ている男性

「昨日の夜すごい大きないびきをかいていたよ」あなたはパートナーや友人にこんな言葉を投げられたことはないでしょうか?

いびきは周囲の人の睡眠も妨げますが、あなたの睡眠の質も落とす治すべき症状です。いびきが発生する原因にはいくつかの種類があり、あなたのいびきがどの原因によって発生しているかを特定し、その原因を解消することが大切です。

本記事では、いびきの主要な6つの原因と、その中でも危険な注意すべき原因ついて紹介しています。是非、本記事をご活用頂き、いびきを改善し、質の高い睡眠と健康を手に入れて下さい。

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1.いびきのメカニズム

普段生活している中で、いびきのような大きな音を出しながら呼吸をしている人を見かけたことはあるでしょうか?

いびきは、睡眠時の気道が狭くなることで、空気が出入する際の抵抗が強くなり、喉や鼻の粘膜が強く振動することで発生しています。睡眠時になんらかの原因で、気道が狭くなってしまうことで、いびきが発生します。

いびきを改善するためには、あなたがいびきをかいている原因を特定し、その根本の原因を解消する必要があります。以下で、いびきの主要な6つの原因について見ていきましょう。

2.いびきの6つの原因

いびきの原因は様々ですが、主に6つの種類に分類することができます。あなたが現在いびきをかいているのだとしたら、まずはその原因を特定することが大切です。

では、一つ一つの原因について見ていきましょう。

2−1.口呼吸になっている

口呼吸をしていると、鼻呼吸をしている場合よりのどの気道が狭くなります。それによって、呼吸の空気抵抗が大きくなり、粘膜の振動が強くなり大きないびきが発生します。いびきの主な原因はこの口呼吸にあり、他の原因も口呼吸を引き起こす一つの要因になっていることが多いです。

口呼吸は、以下の場合に起きやすいとされています。

  • 鼻が詰まっている時
  • 肉体的疲労が蓄積している時
  • ストレスが溜まっている時

疲労やストレスが溜まっている場合は、人はより多くの酸素を体内に取り込もうとします。その結果、鼻呼吸ではなく口呼吸となってしまうのです。もし疲労やストレスに思い当たる節があれば、ゆっくりお風呂に入ったりストレッチをしたりして、就寝前に少しでもそれらを緩和してあげることが大切です。

2−2.肥満

肥満の方は、体内にも脂肪がついています。そのため、首周りや気道周辺に脂肪が多くついてくると、気道が狭くなってしまいます。結果として、空気抵抗が強まるため、大きないびきが発生します。

また、肥満の方は狭い気道の中で呼吸をしようとするので、自然と口呼吸になっている肩が多く、さらに大きないびきをかく要因となります。

2−3.加齢による老化

人は年を重ねることによって成熟していきますが、一方で身体の筋肉は弛緩状態になっていきます。そのため気道の周辺の筋肉が弛緩することで気道を狭め、いびきをかく要因になります。気道が狭まるため、肥満の場合と同様に空気を大量に取り入れようとするため、口呼吸になり、さらにいびきを発生させる要因を増やす結果となります。

2−4.アルコールや薬

アルコールや睡眠薬などを摂取している場合、リラックス効果によって筋肉が弛緩状態になります。そのため、加齢による老化の場合と同じ様に、気道の周辺の筋肉が緩むことで狭まり、いびきをかく要因となります。

2−5.鼻や喉の疾患

鼻づまりや喉のはれなど、鼻や喉に疾患があり、それらが気道が狭まることに繋がる場合、上の例と同様に気道を狭める結果とり、いびきを誘発させます。これらが原因でいびきをかいている場合は、疾患を治療することが最も優先されることになります。

2−6.寝る体勢

寝る体勢によって気道が狭まってしまう場合も、いびきをかく場合があります。特に仰向けで寝ている場合は、横向き寝る場合よりも気道が狭まるため、いびきをかく原因となります。また、枕が高すぎたり、手で胸を抑えて肺を圧迫している形で睡眠をしていると同様に気道を狭めるため、いびきを発生させる原因となってしまいます。

3.注意するべき危険ないびき

いびきの原因の中でも、特に危険ないびきの原因は「肥満」です。肥満は、いびきだけでなく、その他の生活習慣病も発生させるリスクが高まります。睡眠時無呼吸症候群や糖尿病なども、肥満であるということだけで患うリスクが高まるのです。

「肥満」がいびきの原因である場合は、身体が危険信号を知らせてくれているのだと思い、是非これを機会に適正体重に減量して健康を得るように行動を始めて下さい。

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まとめ

ここまでで、いびきの主要な6つの原因について確認してきました。あなたのいびきの原因は特定できたでしょうか?いびきは質の高い睡眠を阻害してしまうため、治すことを強くお勧めします。いびきを治療するためには、本記事をご参考していただき、あなたのいびきの原因を解消するようにして下さい。

あなたの快適な睡眠にこの記事がお役に立てれば幸いです。

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