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頭痛の女性
頭痛の女性

正しい片頭痛の治し方

頭痛の女性

片頭痛は世の多くの女性が悩まされている頭痛です。

10代や20代の女性に多く、こめかみのあたりがガンガンと痛み、それが1時間〜4時間程度続いてしまうのが片頭痛の特徴です。

片頭痛を治療するための市販薬はありますが、薬を飲み過ぎると薬物乱用頭痛といった副作用を生じる場合があります。

そこで、本記事では、正しい片頭痛の治し方についてご紹介していきます。片頭痛で悩んでいる方は、是非本記事と一緒に、正しい片頭痛の治し方について学んでいきましょう。

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片頭痛の治し方

頭痛の男性

片頭痛を治すためには、「片頭痛が起きるメカニズムと原因」について理解することが大切です。

片頭痛は、脳の毛細血管が拡張することで炎症をおこし、その炎症が周囲にある三叉神経という神経を刺激し、その刺激が痛みとなって脳に伝わることで発生しています。

脳の毛細血管が拡張する原因には、次のものがあります。

  • 質の低い睡眠:脳に蓄積された疲労が解消されず、ストレスが溜まっていく
  • チラミンの過剰摂取:チョコレートや柑橘類、赤ワインにはチラミンという物質が含まれている。チラミンには血管収縮作用(収縮した後に拡張する)がある
  • 乱れた生活習慣:夜更かしや寝過ぎなど、乱れた生活習慣も脳に影響を与える
  • 過度のストレス:仕事や勉強など
  • 女性の月経前
  • 低気圧の日
  • 空腹

片頭痛は、これらの原因によって脳の毛細血管が拡張することで、引き起こされています。現在片頭痛に悩まされている方で、これらの原因に思い当たる節がある方は、まずはできるだけ原因を作らないようにすることが大切です。

片頭痛を治すための7つの方法

実際に片頭痛が起きた場合には、「脳の活動が穏やかになるように工夫すること」が大切です。

脳の活動を穏やかにして、片頭痛を治すためには、次の7つの方法が有効です。

  1. 片頭痛の患部を冷やす:痛む部分を冷やすことで、脳の血流を穏やかにし、痛みを抑えることができます
  2. 暗くて静かな部屋に行く:片頭痛の間は刺激に敏感になるため、大きな音や強い光の刺激を避けることが必要です。
  3. コーヒーを飲む:コーヒーに含まれるカフェインには、血管を収縮させる作用があり、拡張している血管を元の状態に戻すことができます
  4. 睡眠を改善する:質の高い睡眠は脳内の疲労物質を取り除き、正常な活動を維持してくれます。
  5. 生活習慣を改善する:規則正しい生活リズムで過ごすことで、自律神経を整えることができます。
  6. ストレスを溜めない、解消する:心身ともにストレスを溜め込まない工夫を用意しましょう
  7. チョコレートや赤ワインなどの摂取を控える:片頭痛が頻繁に起こっている期間は、チラミンの摂取を控えることが大切です。

これらの対策を実行することで、片頭痛を治していくことができるでしょう。また、頭痛薬を利用する際には、可能な限り、頭痛外来に赴き、あなたの状態に合わせた頭痛改善の指示をもらうようにしましょう。

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まとめ:正しい治し方を実践できるようにしておこう

ここまでで、片頭痛を7つの方法で改善できる治し方についてご紹介してきました。最後にもう一度、片頭痛になった場合に実践すべき7つの方法について確認していきましょう。

  • 片頭痛の患部を冷やす
  • 暗くて静かな部屋に行く
  • コーヒーを飲む
  • 睡眠を改善する
  • 生活習慣を改善する
  • ストレスを溜めない、解消する
  • チョコレートや赤ワインなどの摂取を控える

これらの対策を実践することで、あなたの片頭痛をできるだけ早くに治し、快適な日常を取り戻すことができます。

片頭痛に悩まされているという方は、是非本記事を参考にして頂き、あなたの毎日に影を落とす片頭痛を改善できるようにしましょう。

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